Describing the location of a landmark in ascene typically requires taking a perspective. Descriptions of scenes with several landmarksuse either a route perspective, where theviewpoint is within the scene or a surveyperspective, where the viewpoint is outside, ora mixture of both. Parallel to this, AmericanSign Language (ASL) uses two spatial formats,viewer space, in which the described space isconceived of as in front of the speaker, ordiagrammatic space, in which the describedspace is conceived of as from outside, usuallyabove. In the present study, speakers ofEnglish or ASL described one of two memorizedmaps. ASL signers were more likely to adopt asurvey perspective than English speakers,indicating that language modality can influenceperspective choice. In ASL, descriptions froma survey perspective used diagrammatic space,whereas descriptions from a route perspectiveused viewer space. In English, iconic gesturesaccompanying route descriptions used the full3-D space, similar to viewer space, whilegestures accompanying survey descriptions useda 2-D horizontal or vertical plane similar todiagrammatic space. Thus, the two modes ofexperiencing environments, from within and fromwithout, are expressed naturally in speech,sign, and gesture.
Spatial Cognition and Computation – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera