Using frailty models to account for heterogeneity in multistage manufacturing and service processes

Using frailty models to account for heterogeneity in multistage manufacturing and service processes Statistical process control has been widely applied to manufacturing and service operations with the aim of monitoring and improving the reliability of products. The existing monitoring procedures were introduced following the assumption that a single-stage process with independent quality characteristic is under consideration. However, in multistage processes with dependent variables, quality characteristics of interest should be optimally monitored only after they have been adjusted for the effect of influential covariates. In general, it is impossible to include all relevant covariates because measuring such values entails great financial costs. The neglect of such covariates results in having unobserved heterogeneity which dampens the detection ability of the monitoring procedure. The more complicated picture arises when the values corresponding to the reliability-related quality variable are censored due to the time and cost constraints. Thus, to deal with the effect of observed and unobserved covariates together with the censoring issue, the frailty and the proportional hazard models are used and some model-based monitoring schemes are devised. The surveillance procedures are proposed in both the presence and absence of a censoring mechanism. The performance analysis shows that the monitoring procedure based on the cumulative sum chart is superior in detecting shifts while the exponentially weighted moving average chart is effective in some cases. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

Using frailty models to account for heterogeneity in multistage manufacturing and service processes

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Social Sciences, general; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
0033-5177
eISSN
1573-7845
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11135-012-9789-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Statistical process control has been widely applied to manufacturing and service operations with the aim of monitoring and improving the reliability of products. The existing monitoring procedures were introduced following the assumption that a single-stage process with independent quality characteristic is under consideration. However, in multistage processes with dependent variables, quality characteristics of interest should be optimally monitored only after they have been adjusted for the effect of influential covariates. In general, it is impossible to include all relevant covariates because measuring such values entails great financial costs. The neglect of such covariates results in having unobserved heterogeneity which dampens the detection ability of the monitoring procedure. The more complicated picture arises when the values corresponding to the reliability-related quality variable are censored due to the time and cost constraints. Thus, to deal with the effect of observed and unobserved covariates together with the censoring issue, the frailty and the proportional hazard models are used and some model-based monitoring schemes are devised. The surveillance procedures are proposed in both the presence and absence of a censoring mechanism. The performance analysis shows that the monitoring procedure based on the cumulative sum chart is superior in detecting shifts while the exponentially weighted moving average chart is effective in some cases.

Journal

Quality & QuantitySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 9, 2012

References

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