Keywords Lipid extraction FAME Microalgae considered to be the main lipid source for production of Biodiesel biodiesel. The biodiesel fuel properties can be determined experimentally or predicted by empirical equations based upon the FAMEs’ composition of the biodiesel [10–13]. Introduction Experimental analysis for the determination of biodiesel quality needs a large sample volume and imposes an The combustion of fossil fuels has serious consequences increase in the cost of analysis . Several researchers for the environment, including greenhouse gas emissions have attempted to predict the biodiesel fuel properties from and global warming. Hence, an alternative and eco-friendly parameters relevant to the chemical structures of FAME energy resource could address these environmental issues. components [10–13]. For instance, Krisnangkura et al.  Biodiesel is a commonly used biofuel that can be produced proposed an empirical formula to estimate the cetane by the transesteriﬁcation of lipids . Microalgae have number (CN) of biodiesel from vegetable oil based upon recently drawn attention as the third generation biofuels’ their iodine value (IV) and saponiﬁcation value (SV). feedstocks due to their advantages over other biosources Ramos et al.  correlated some important factors (e.g., for the production of biofuels [2–4]. Integration of
Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 7, 2017
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