This study evaluates solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) to determine trace levels of bis-phenol A in water and leached from plastic containers. In our study, we used very thin composite membranes prepared in the laboratory. The extraction using headspace post-derivatization with bis(trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA), containing 1 % trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) vapor, following SPME was compared with extraction without derivatization. The SPME experimental procedures to extract bis-phenol A in water were optimized with a relatively polar polyacrylate (PA)-coated fiber, an extraction time of 50 min, and desorption at 300 °C for 2 min. Headspace derivatization following SPME was performed using 7 μL of BSTFA with 1 % TMCS at 65 °C for 30 s. The precision was 5.2 % without derivatization and 9.0 % headspace derivatization. The detection limit was determined to be at the nanogram per liter level. When SPME was used following headspace derivatization, the detection limit was one order of magnitude better than that achieved without derivatization. The results of this study reveal the adequacy of the SPME–GC–MS method for analyzing bisphenol A leached from plastic containers. The concentrations of bisphenol A leached from plastic containers into water ranged from 0.7 to 78.5 μg L−1.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 27, 2013
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