Use of expression analysis to dissect alterations in carbohydrate metabolism in wheat leaves during drought stress

Use of expression analysis to dissect alterations in carbohydrate metabolism in wheat leaves... Water deficit in plants causes a reduction in photosynthesis and high demands for osmolyte synthesis. To elucidate regulation of carbohydrate metabolic genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum) leaves during drought stress, we performed a systematic expression study using quantitative RT-PCR and cDNA microarray. These analyses revealed that expression levels of most genes encoding chloroplast enzymes involved in carbon fixation (Calvin cycle) were reduced in the leaves during prolonged drought stress. Transcript levels of highly expressed isoenzymes of hexokinase and fructokinase also decreased. Conversely, genes encoding cytoplasmic and vacuolar enzymes in the pathways leading to glucose, fructose and fructan production were up-regulated in the stressed leaves. Systematic expression analysis of an almost complete set of genes involved in conversion of triose phosphates to hexoses and hexose phosphorylation showed that isoenzymes of many enzymes were differentially regulated during drought stress. Correlation analysis indicated that the drought down-regulated Calvin cycle genes were coordinately regulated. This coordinated down-regulation extended to genes encoding major isoenzymes of chloroplast triose-phosphate/phosphate translocator, cytoplasmic fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase and fructose bisphosphatase. Highly correlated expression was also observed between drought up-regulated genes involved in sucrose synthesis and hydrolysis or fructan synthesis. These data dissect coordination in regulation of key enzyme genes involved in carbon fixation and accumulation of hexoses and fructans and provide an insight into molecular mechanisms at the transcript level underlying changes in carbohydrate metabolism in wheat adaptation to drought stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Use of expression analysis to dissect alterations in carbohydrate metabolism in wheat leaves during drought stress

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/use-of-expression-analysis-to-dissect-alterations-in-carbohydrate-M6Yq0NoT4p
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-008-9311-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Water deficit in plants causes a reduction in photosynthesis and high demands for osmolyte synthesis. To elucidate regulation of carbohydrate metabolic genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum) leaves during drought stress, we performed a systematic expression study using quantitative RT-PCR and cDNA microarray. These analyses revealed that expression levels of most genes encoding chloroplast enzymes involved in carbon fixation (Calvin cycle) were reduced in the leaves during prolonged drought stress. Transcript levels of highly expressed isoenzymes of hexokinase and fructokinase also decreased. Conversely, genes encoding cytoplasmic and vacuolar enzymes in the pathways leading to glucose, fructose and fructan production were up-regulated in the stressed leaves. Systematic expression analysis of an almost complete set of genes involved in conversion of triose phosphates to hexoses and hexose phosphorylation showed that isoenzymes of many enzymes were differentially regulated during drought stress. Correlation analysis indicated that the drought down-regulated Calvin cycle genes were coordinately regulated. This coordinated down-regulation extended to genes encoding major isoenzymes of chloroplast triose-phosphate/phosphate translocator, cytoplasmic fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase and fructose bisphosphatase. Highly correlated expression was also observed between drought up-regulated genes involved in sucrose synthesis and hydrolysis or fructan synthesis. These data dissect coordination in regulation of key enzyme genes involved in carbon fixation and accumulation of hexoses and fructans and provide an insight into molecular mechanisms at the transcript level underlying changes in carbohydrate metabolism in wheat adaptation to drought stress.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 26, 2008

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off