Use of Clozapine in a State Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital

Use of Clozapine in a State Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital We assessed the predictors of clozapine initiation among youth 18 years and younger within a state psychiatric hospital. Administrative data (n = 358) were evaluated of inpatients from a long-term state child and adolescent psychiatric hospital. We investigated 25 background and clinical patient characteristics to determine which factors predicted clozapine initiation following the first 21 days of hospital admission. A Cox proportional model was used to evaluate factors that independently predicted the hazard rate of clozapine initiation. Emergency medication administration during the first 3 weeks of admission, which was more common among the clozapine (84.9 %) than control (61.7 %) patients (p < 0.001), was associated with a significantly increased probability of clozapine initiation (Hazard Ratio = 1.9, 95 % Confidence Interval = 1.2–3.1). Use of a mood stabilizer during the first 3 weeks of the inpatient was non-significantly related to an increased probability of clozapine initiation (Hazard Ratio = 1.7, 95 % Confidence Interval = 1.0–2.9). In this setting, emergency medication use predicts clozapine initiation suggesting that it may be used to treat patients with aggressive behavior. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Use of Clozapine in a State Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Public Health; Sociology, general
ISSN
0033-2720
eISSN
1573-6709
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11126-012-9250-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We assessed the predictors of clozapine initiation among youth 18 years and younger within a state psychiatric hospital. Administrative data (n = 358) were evaluated of inpatients from a long-term state child and adolescent psychiatric hospital. We investigated 25 background and clinical patient characteristics to determine which factors predicted clozapine initiation following the first 21 days of hospital admission. A Cox proportional model was used to evaluate factors that independently predicted the hazard rate of clozapine initiation. Emergency medication administration during the first 3 weeks of admission, which was more common among the clozapine (84.9 %) than control (61.7 %) patients (p < 0.001), was associated with a significantly increased probability of clozapine initiation (Hazard Ratio = 1.9, 95 % Confidence Interval = 1.2–3.1). Use of a mood stabilizer during the first 3 weeks of the inpatient was non-significantly related to an increased probability of clozapine initiation (Hazard Ratio = 1.7, 95 % Confidence Interval = 1.0–2.9). In this setting, emergency medication use predicts clozapine initiation suggesting that it may be used to treat patients with aggressive behavior.

Journal

Psychiatric QuarterlySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 8, 2012

References

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