Minimal Change Disease (MCD) is the most common type of nephrotic syndrome in children. The etiology has remained unknown, although it is commonly thought to be due to an unknown circulating factor that triggers podocyte dysfunction. To date, several changes in podocytes have been reported in MCD, of which one is the expression of CD80, also known as B7.1, which is a costimulatory molecule that is normally expressed on antigen -presenting cells. Some studies suggest that subjects with steroid-sensitive MCD may express CD80 in their podocytes during relapse and that this expression is associated with high urinary levels of CD80. Indeed, subjects with MCD in remission, or subjects with other glomerular diseases, such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, have substantially lower levels of urinary CD80 excretion. A recent study has now reported that high levels of urinary CD80 may be a sensitive marker for steroid-sensitivity and that their presence is also associated with long-term preservation of renal function. Thus, urinary CD80 is emerging as a potential biomarker for steroid-responsiveness in children presenting with primary nephrotic syndrome.
Pediatric Nephrology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2018
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