Uptake of poliovirus into the endosomal system of HeLa cells

Uptake of poliovirus into the endosomal system of HeLa cells To understand the topology and mechanism of poliovirus uncoating, the question of whether intact virions can be endocytosed by the host cell was studied by a combination of various techniques. In order to prevent alteration of the virus to subviral particles, Hela cells were infected at 26 °C. At this temperature the majority of cell-associated virions remained at the plasma membrane, whereas a smaller amount accumulated in vesicles having the same mobility (upon free-flow electrophoresis) and migration behaviour on Nycodenz density gradients as early and late endosomes. Co-localization of native poliovirions with endosomal markers was verified by peroxidase-induced diaminobenzidine density-shift of endosomal vesicles. Internalization of poliovirions into endosomes makes it likely, but does not prove that viral RNA can be released into the cytoplasm from the vesicular compartment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Uptake of poliovirus into the endosomal system of HeLa cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1998 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050385
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To understand the topology and mechanism of poliovirus uncoating, the question of whether intact virions can be endocytosed by the host cell was studied by a combination of various techniques. In order to prevent alteration of the virus to subviral particles, Hela cells were infected at 26 °C. At this temperature the majority of cell-associated virions remained at the plasma membrane, whereas a smaller amount accumulated in vesicles having the same mobility (upon free-flow electrophoresis) and migration behaviour on Nycodenz density gradients as early and late endosomes. Co-localization of native poliovirions with endosomal markers was verified by peroxidase-induced diaminobenzidine density-shift of endosomal vesicles. Internalization of poliovirions into endosomes makes it likely, but does not prove that viral RNA can be released into the cytoplasm from the vesicular compartment.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 1998

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