Upstream and downstream sequence elements determine the specificity of the rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter and influence RNA production after transcription initiation

Upstream and downstream sequence elements determine the specificity of the rice tungro... The contribution of sequences upstream and downstream of the transcription start site to the strength and specificity of the promoter of rice tungro bacilliform virus was analysed in transgenic rice plants. The promoter is strongly stimulated by downstream sequences which include an intron and is active in all vascular and epidermal cells. Expression in the vascular tissue requires a promoter element located between −100 and −164 to which protein(s) from rice nuclear extracts bind. Elimination of this region leads to specificity for the epidermis. Due to the presence of a polyadenylation signal in the intron, short-stop RNA is produced from the promoter in addition to full-length primary transcript and its spliced derivatives. The ratio between short-stop RNA and full-length or spliced RNA is determined by upstream promoter sequences, suggesting the assembly of RNA polymerase complexes with different processivity on this promoter. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Upstream and downstream sequence elements determine the specificity of the rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter and influence RNA production after transcription initiation

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006119517262
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The contribution of sequences upstream and downstream of the transcription start site to the strength and specificity of the promoter of rice tungro bacilliform virus was analysed in transgenic rice plants. The promoter is strongly stimulated by downstream sequences which include an intron and is active in all vascular and epidermal cells. Expression in the vascular tissue requires a promoter element located between −100 and −164 to which protein(s) from rice nuclear extracts bind. Elimination of this region leads to specificity for the epidermis. Due to the presence of a polyadenylation signal in the intron, short-stop RNA is produced from the promoter in addition to full-length primary transcript and its spliced derivatives. The ratio between short-stop RNA and full-length or spliced RNA is determined by upstream promoter sequences, suggesting the assembly of RNA polymerase complexes with different processivity on this promoter.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 30, 2004

References

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