An iridium catalyst supported on USY zeolite has been evaluated for hydrotreating of light cycle oil (LCO) to reduce its aromaticity and improve its cetane index. The products were analyzed by GC and 13C NMR spectrometry to determine quantitatively the aromatic carbon content and the increase in cetane index. Addition of an appropriate amount of potassium was found to be an effective way of optimizing the acid properties of the catalyst; reducing the number of strongly acid sites reduced its cracking activity. The results confirm that 0.9% (w/w) Ir/USY zeolite catalyst doped with 0.75% (w/w) K was highly suitable for partial hydrogenation and ring opening of LCO to improve cetane quality, thus increasing the extent of its blending ratio with the diesel pool.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 13, 2011
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