Update on Tick-Borne Bacterial Diseases in Travelers

Update on Tick-Borne Bacterial Diseases in Travelers Purpose of Review Ticks are the second most important vectors of infectious diseases after mosquitoes worldwide. The growth of international tourism including in rural and remote places increasingly exposes travelers to tick bite. Our aim was to review the main tick-borne infectious diseases reported in travelers in the past 5 years. Recent Findings In recent years, tick-borne bacterial diseases have emerged in travelers including spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses, borrelioses, and diseases caused by bacteria of the Anaplasmataceae family. Summary African tick-bite fever, due to Rickettsia africae, is the most frequent agent reported in travelers returned from Sub- Saharan areas. Other SFG agents are increasingly reported in travelers, and clinicians should be aware of them. Lyme disease can be misdiagnosed in Southern countries. Organisms causing tick-borne relapsing fever are neglected pathogens worldwide, and reports in travelers have allowed the description of new species. Infections due to Anaplasmataceae bacteria are more rarely described in travelers, but a new species of Neoehrlichia has recently been detected in a traveler. The treatment of these infections relies on doxycycline, and travelers should be informed before the trip about prevention measures against tick bites. . . . . . Keywords Rickettsia Tick-borne diseases Traveler http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Infectious Disease Reports Springer Journals

Update on Tick-Borne Bacterial Diseases in Travelers

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
1523-3847
eISSN
1534-3146
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11908-018-0624-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review Ticks are the second most important vectors of infectious diseases after mosquitoes worldwide. The growth of international tourism including in rural and remote places increasingly exposes travelers to tick bite. Our aim was to review the main tick-borne infectious diseases reported in travelers in the past 5 years. Recent Findings In recent years, tick-borne bacterial diseases have emerged in travelers including spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses, borrelioses, and diseases caused by bacteria of the Anaplasmataceae family. Summary African tick-bite fever, due to Rickettsia africae, is the most frequent agent reported in travelers returned from Sub- Saharan areas. Other SFG agents are increasingly reported in travelers, and clinicians should be aware of them. Lyme disease can be misdiagnosed in Southern countries. Organisms causing tick-borne relapsing fever are neglected pathogens worldwide, and reports in travelers have allowed the description of new species. Infections due to Anaplasmataceae bacteria are more rarely described in travelers, but a new species of Neoehrlichia has recently been detected in a traveler. The treatment of these infections relies on doxycycline, and travelers should be informed before the trip about prevention measures against tick bites. . . . . . Keywords Rickettsia Tick-borne diseases Traveler

Journal

Current Infectious Disease ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: May 22, 2018

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