Up-Regulation of the Inwardly Rectifying K+ Channel Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) by Protein Kinase B (PKB/Akt) and PIKfyve

Up-Regulation of the Inwardly Rectifying K+ Channel Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) by Protein Kinase B (PKB/Akt)... The inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.1 contributes to the maintenance of the resting cell membrane potential in excitable cells. Loss of function mutations of KCNJ2 encoding Kir2.1 result in Andersen-Tawil syndrome, a disorder characterized by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia, and dysmorphic features. The ubiquitously expressed protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) activates the phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-5-kinase PIKfyve, which in turn regulates a variety of carriers and channels. The present study explored whether PKB/PIKfve contributes to the regulation of Kir2.1. To this end, cRNA encoding Kir2.1 was injected into Xenopus oocytes with and without additional injection of cRNA encoding wild type PKB (PKB), constitutively active T308D,S473DPKB or inactive T308A,S473APKB. Kir2.1 activity was determined by two-electrode voltage-clamp. As a result, PKB and T308D,S473DPKB, but not T308A,S473APKB, significantly increased Kir2.1-mediated currents. The effect of PKB was mimicked by coexpression of PIKfyve but not of S318APikfyve lacking the PKB phosphorylation site. The decay of Kir2.1-mediated currents after inhibition of channel insertion into the cell membrane by brefeldin A (5 μM) was similar in oocytes expressing Kir2.1 + PKB or Kir2.1 + PIKfyve to those expressing Kir2.1 alone, suggesting that PKB and PIKfyve influence channel insertion into rather than channel retrieval from the cell membrane. In conclusion, PKB and PIKfyve are novel regulators of Kir2.1. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Up-Regulation of the Inwardly Rectifying K+ Channel Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) by Protein Kinase B (PKB/Akt) and PIKfyve

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/up-regulation-of-the-inwardly-rectifying-k-channel-kir2-1-kcnj2-by-JZs4oFo0TI
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-012-9520-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.1 contributes to the maintenance of the resting cell membrane potential in excitable cells. Loss of function mutations of KCNJ2 encoding Kir2.1 result in Andersen-Tawil syndrome, a disorder characterized by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia, and dysmorphic features. The ubiquitously expressed protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) activates the phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-5-kinase PIKfyve, which in turn regulates a variety of carriers and channels. The present study explored whether PKB/PIKfve contributes to the regulation of Kir2.1. To this end, cRNA encoding Kir2.1 was injected into Xenopus oocytes with and without additional injection of cRNA encoding wild type PKB (PKB), constitutively active T308D,S473DPKB or inactive T308A,S473APKB. Kir2.1 activity was determined by two-electrode voltage-clamp. As a result, PKB and T308D,S473DPKB, but not T308A,S473APKB, significantly increased Kir2.1-mediated currents. The effect of PKB was mimicked by coexpression of PIKfyve but not of S318APikfyve lacking the PKB phosphorylation site. The decay of Kir2.1-mediated currents after inhibition of channel insertion into the cell membrane by brefeldin A (5 μM) was similar in oocytes expressing Kir2.1 + PKB or Kir2.1 + PIKfyve to those expressing Kir2.1 alone, suggesting that PKB and PIKfyve influence channel insertion into rather than channel retrieval from the cell membrane. In conclusion, PKB and PIKfyve are novel regulators of Kir2.1.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 28, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off