Unwanted metals and hydrophobic contaminants in bioreactor effluents are associated with the presence of humic substances

Unwanted metals and hydrophobic contaminants in bioreactor effluents are associated with the... Biological treatment of landfill leachate is challenging due to the presence of complex compounds. Here, we treated an old landfill leachate using a membrane bioreactor under the following conditions: 24 h for hydraulic retention, 65 days of sludge retention and an average organic load rate of 1.71 ± 0.16 g/L/day. We observed a high removal of ammonia, phosphorous and some metals. However, removal of organic carbon was incomplete. Despite a major removal of suspended solids, hydrophobic and volatile hydrophilic compounds, high concentration of fulvic acid and hydrophilic contaminants was found in the effluent. Overally, we demonstrate that the presence of humic substances in the effluent is associated with the detection of arsenic, copper and chromium and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Chemistry Letters Springer Journals

Unwanted metals and hydrophobic contaminants in bioreactor effluents are associated with the presence of humic substances

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Subject
Environment; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Pollution, general; Analytical Chemistry; Geochemistry
ISSN
1610-3653
eISSN
1610-3661
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10311-016-0598-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Biological treatment of landfill leachate is challenging due to the presence of complex compounds. Here, we treated an old landfill leachate using a membrane bioreactor under the following conditions: 24 h for hydraulic retention, 65 days of sludge retention and an average organic load rate of 1.71 ± 0.16 g/L/day. We observed a high removal of ammonia, phosphorous and some metals. However, removal of organic carbon was incomplete. Despite a major removal of suspended solids, hydrophobic and volatile hydrophilic compounds, high concentration of fulvic acid and hydrophilic contaminants was found in the effluent. Overally, we demonstrate that the presence of humic substances in the effluent is associated with the detection of arsenic, copper and chromium and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate.

Journal

Environmental Chemistry LettersSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 29, 2016

References

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