Background Epilepsy, ataxia, sensorineural deafness, and tubulopathy (EAST syndrome) is a rare channelopathy due to KCNJ10 mutations. So far, only mild cerebellar hypoplasia and/or dentate nuclei abnormalities have been reported as major neuroimaging findings in these patients. Methods We analyzed the clinical and brain MRI features of two unrelated patients (aged 27 and 23 years) with EAST syndrome carrying novel homozygous frameshift mutations (p.Asn232Glnfs*14and p.Gly275Valfs*7) in KCNJ10, detected by whole exome sequencing. Results Brain MRI examinations at 8 years in Patient 1 and at 13 years in Patient 2 revealed a peculiar brain and spinal cord involvement characterized by restricted dius ff ion of globi pallidi, thalami, brainstem, dentate nuclei, and cervical spinal cord in keeping with intramyelinic edema. The follow-up studies, performed, respectively, after 19 and 10 years, showed mild cerebellar atrophy and slight progression of the brain and spinal cord T2 signal abnormalities with increase of the restricted diffusion in the affected regions. Conclusion The present cases harboring novel homozygous frameshift mutations in KCNJ10 expand the spectrum of brain abnormalities in EAST syndrome, including mild cerebellar atrophy and intramyelinic edema, resulting from abnormal func- tion of the Kir4.1 inwardly rectifying potassium channel at the astrocyte endfeet, with disruption of water-ion homeostasis.
Journal of Neurology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 17, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera