Unsupervised Segmentation of Greenhouse Plant Images Based on Statistical Method

Unsupervised Segmentation of Greenhouse Plant Images Based on Statistical Method Complicated image scene of the agricultural greenhouse plant images makes it very difficult to obtain precise manual labeling, leading to the hardship of getting the accurate training set of the conditional random field (CRF). Considering this problem, this paper proposed an unsupervised conditional random field image segmentation algorithm ULCRF (Unsupervised Learning Conditional Random Field), which can perform fast unsupervised segmentation of greenhouse plant images, and further the plant organs in the image, i.e. fruits, leaves and stems, are segmented. The main idea of this algorithm is to calculate the unary potential, namely the initial label of the Dense CRF, by the unsupervised learning model LDA (Latent Dirichlet Allocation). In view of the ever-changing image features at different stages of fruit growth, a multi-resolution ULCRF is proposed to improve the accuracy of image segmentation in the middle stage and late stage of the fruit growth. An image is down-sampled twice to obtain three layers of different resolution images, and the features of each layer are interrelated with each other. Experiment results show that the proposed method can segment greenhouse plant images in an unsupervised method automatically and obtain a high segmentation accuracy together with a high extraction precision of the fruit part. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Scientific Reports Springer Journals

Unsupervised Segmentation of Greenhouse Plant Images Based on Statistical Method

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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, multidisciplinary
eISSN
2045-2322
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41598-018-22568-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Complicated image scene of the agricultural greenhouse plant images makes it very difficult to obtain precise manual labeling, leading to the hardship of getting the accurate training set of the conditional random field (CRF). Considering this problem, this paper proposed an unsupervised conditional random field image segmentation algorithm ULCRF (Unsupervised Learning Conditional Random Field), which can perform fast unsupervised segmentation of greenhouse plant images, and further the plant organs in the image, i.e. fruits, leaves and stems, are segmented. The main idea of this algorithm is to calculate the unary potential, namely the initial label of the Dense CRF, by the unsupervised learning model LDA (Latent Dirichlet Allocation). In view of the ever-changing image features at different stages of fruit growth, a multi-resolution ULCRF is proposed to improve the accuracy of image segmentation in the middle stage and late stage of the fruit growth. An image is down-sampled twice to obtain three layers of different resolution images, and the features of each layer are interrelated with each other. Experiment results show that the proposed method can segment greenhouse plant images in an unsupervised method automatically and obtain a high segmentation accuracy together with a high extraction precision of the fruit part.

Journal

Scientific ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 13, 2018

References

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