Unravelling the complex genetics of cleft lip in the mouse model

Unravelling the complex genetics of cleft lip in the mouse model Nonsyndromic cleft lip in ``A'' strain mice and humans is genetically complex and is distinct from isolated cleft palate. Cleft lip embryos recovered in 2.4% of 1485 first backcross (BC1) segregants from a cross of A/WySnJ (24% cleft lip) and C57BL/6J (no cleft lip) in A/WySnJ mothers, and in testcrosses of 10 recombinant inbred (RI) strains (AXB/Pgn or BXA/Pgn), were used for gene mapping and for inference of genetic architecture. The A/WySnJ maternal genotype increased cleft lip risk in reciprocal crosses; the relevant genetic difference between AXB-6/Pgn (8%) and A/WySnJ (24%) is entirely maternal. A combination of new mapping panels (325 meioses), new markers, and a recombinant cleft lip embryo redefined the location of a recessive factor essential to cleft lip risk, clf1, and candidate genes Itgb3 and Crhr, to between D11Mit146/360 and D11Mit166/147. A screen of 54 YACs for 46 genes and SSLP loci located Wnt15, Wnt3, Crhr, Mtapt, Itgb3, Dlx3, and Dlx7 within the clf1 candidate region. The clf2 locus was newly mapped to Chromosome (Chr) 13 by a genome screen of BC1 segregants, and further defined to a 4-cM region between D13Mit13/54 and D13Mit231 by strain distribution patterns of cleft lip liability and markers in testcrossed RI strains. Specific combinations of marker genotypes associated with cleft lip risk indicated that high risk in A/WySnJ mice is caused by epistatic interaction between clf1 and clf2 in the context of a genetic maternal effect. Human homologs of clf1 and clf2 are expected to be on 17q and 5q/9q. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Unravelling the complex genetics of cleft lip in the mouse model

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial