Initialization of quantum logic operations makes it imperative to cool down the information-carrying qubits as much and as fast as possible, so as to purify their state, or at least their ensemble average. Yet, the limit on the speed of existing cooling schemes is either the duration of the qubit equilibration with its bath or the decay time of an auxiliary state to one of the qubit states. Here we show that highly-frequent phase-shifts or measurements of the state of thermalized qubits can be designed to affect the qubit-bath entanglement so that the qubits undergo cooling, well before they re-equilibrate with the bath and without resorting to auxiliary states. These processes can be used in principally novel, advantageous, cooling schemes to assist quantum logic operations.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2009
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