This study explored the interactive effect ofmembers' ethnicity, gender, and perceived unioneffectiveness in promoting fairness on formal unionparticipation. Research on union participation suggests that formal participation is lowest amongethnic minority and women members. It was predicted andfound that the relationship between perceived unioneffectiveness and formal participation is jointlymoderated by ethnicity and gender. The nature of thetriple interaction was such that the relationshipbetween perceived effectiveness and formal participationwas strongest for ethnic minority women (n = 102), next strongest for nonethnic minority women (n =300) and nonethnic minority men (n = 734), and weakestfor ethnic minority men (n = 82).
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2004
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