Union Resources and Union Tolerance as Moderators of Relationships with Sexual Harassment

Union Resources and Union Tolerance as Moderators of Relationships with Sexual Harassment Union membership is often overlooked in organizational research, but is especially neglected in research on sexual harassment. This study investigated the impact of union resources for dealing with harassment and union tolerance for harassment on antecedents and consequences of harassment. Women union members (N = 242) of varying ethnicities (European American, 56.6%; mixed ethnicity, 15.7%; Native American, 9.9%; African American, 5.0%; Hispanic American, 1.2%; Asian American, 0.4%; non-American, 2.9%) responded to a survey. As predicted, Union Resources moderated the relationship between organizational tolerance for harassment and reported harassment, such that women in unions with more resources reported less harassment. Union Tolerance moderated the relationship between harassment and negative psychological outcomes, although not as predicted. Implications for unions, employers, and researchers are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sex Roles Springer Journals

Union Resources and Union Tolerance as Moderators of Relationships with Sexual Harassment

Sex Roles , Volume 45 (12) – Oct 3, 2004
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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1015684202115
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Union membership is often overlooked in organizational research, but is especially neglected in research on sexual harassment. This study investigated the impact of union resources for dealing with harassment and union tolerance for harassment on antecedents and consequences of harassment. Women union members (N = 242) of varying ethnicities (European American, 56.6%; mixed ethnicity, 15.7%; Native American, 9.9%; African American, 5.0%; Hispanic American, 1.2%; Asian American, 0.4%; non-American, 2.9%) responded to a survey. As predicted, Union Resources moderated the relationship between organizational tolerance for harassment and reported harassment, such that women in unions with more resources reported less harassment. Union Tolerance moderated the relationship between harassment and negative psychological outcomes, although not as predicted. Implications for unions, employers, and researchers are discussed.

Journal

Sex RolesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

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