Unidirectional hybridization of kaluga Acipenser dauricus Georgi, 1775 and Amur sturgeon Acipenser schrenckii Brandt, 1869, inferred from the mitochondrial DNA genotyping of their natural hybrids

Unidirectional hybridization of kaluga Acipenser dauricus Georgi, 1775 and Amur sturgeon... In 2009 through 2011, among 730 individuals of kaluga and Amur sturgeon collected in the lower reaches of the Amur River and the Amursky Liman, 17 morphologically intermediate individuals (hybrids) with the body length of 56 to 202 cm (median, 81 cm) were identified, including 11 individuals (4.6%) found in 2009, three individuals (1.6%) found in 2010, and three individuals (1.1%), in 2011. In 16 hybrids, 819 bp of the mtDNA control regions were sequences and 11 haplotypes were identified. Since all these haplotypes were from the mtDNA lineages of kaluga, it was concluded that hybridization occurred in one direction, kaluga (♀) × Amur sturgeon (♂). This asymmetry could be caused by the large size differences between these species. Since the earlier examined morphologically typical Amur sturgeons showed the absence of alien haplotypes (Shedko et al., 2015), the absence of the mtDNA introgression is claimed. This can be caused by low viability or sterility of the backcross females (kaluga (♀) × Amur sturgeon (♂)) × Amur sturgeon (♂). The samples of hybrids and typical kaluga individuals demonstrated no differences in the frequency spectra of the mtDNA haplotypes. However, haplotype and nucleotide diversity in the first sample was somewhat higher than in the second one (0.950 versus 0.927 and 0.0054 versus 0.0044, respectively). The data obtained will be useful for population monitoring of kaluga and Amur sturgeon, Amur River endemics, which are classified as critically endangered by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Unidirectional hybridization of kaluga Acipenser dauricus Georgi, 1775 and Amur sturgeon Acipenser schrenckii Brandt, 1869, inferred from the mitochondrial DNA genotyping of their natural hybrids

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795416020137
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In 2009 through 2011, among 730 individuals of kaluga and Amur sturgeon collected in the lower reaches of the Amur River and the Amursky Liman, 17 morphologically intermediate individuals (hybrids) with the body length of 56 to 202 cm (median, 81 cm) were identified, including 11 individuals (4.6%) found in 2009, three individuals (1.6%) found in 2010, and three individuals (1.1%), in 2011. In 16 hybrids, 819 bp of the mtDNA control regions were sequences and 11 haplotypes were identified. Since all these haplotypes were from the mtDNA lineages of kaluga, it was concluded that hybridization occurred in one direction, kaluga (♀) × Amur sturgeon (♂). This asymmetry could be caused by the large size differences between these species. Since the earlier examined morphologically typical Amur sturgeons showed the absence of alien haplotypes (Shedko et al., 2015), the absence of the mtDNA introgression is claimed. This can be caused by low viability or sterility of the backcross females (kaluga (♀) × Amur sturgeon (♂)) × Amur sturgeon (♂). The samples of hybrids and typical kaluga individuals demonstrated no differences in the frequency spectra of the mtDNA haplotypes. However, haplotype and nucleotide diversity in the first sample was somewhat higher than in the second one (0.950 versus 0.927 and 0.0054 versus 0.0044, respectively). The data obtained will be useful for population monitoring of kaluga and Amur sturgeon, Amur River endemics, which are classified as critically endangered by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 13, 2016

References

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