Homologous recombination between direct DNA repeats within the extended tandem duplications in E. coli results from unequal sister-chromosome exchanges. This conclusion follows from the observations on the segregation of completely or partly homozygous diploid segregants by heterozygous duplications. The formation of diploid segregants with preserved heterozygosity for the unselected markers could also result from “symmetrical” intrachromosomal recombination. Analysis of the segregant genotypes, however, confirmed their formation via unequal crossing over. The data obtained indicated that in tandem duplications segregation of diploid recombinants of different types was preceded by the formation of triplications as the products of unequal sister-chromosome exchanges. In heterozygous duplications, unequal crossing over is manifested as a highly frequent adaptive exchange, providing the survival of the most part of the duplication-carrying cells on selective medium. It is suggested that adaptive mutagenesis can be the consequence of unequal sister crossing over.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2004
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