The effects of salinity (300 mM NaCl), putrescine (Put), and the combination of two agents on the structure of chloroplasts and storage deposits were studied in the third leaf pair of a facultative halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum. Within 6 days, the common ice plants responded to NaCl and Put treatments by diminished chloroplast volumes and swollen grana. Different effects of the experimental treatments were primarily manifested in the chloroplast storage inclusions. Under the salinity conditions, the starch content dropped down almost threefold as compared to untreated plants (control), whereas the number of plastoglobules did not change. Put and Put + NaCl treatments further decreased the starch content per unit section area; in contrast, the plastoglobule area per chloroplast section increased eightfold and tenfold in Put and Put + NaCl treatments, respectively. The morphology and electronic density of plastoglobules changed in all treatments. In both Put treatments there ware no destructive changes in the chloroplasts, and therefore the authors presume that the increase in the numbers plastoglobules was related to the redirection of cell metabolism towards the products of the higher reduction potential. The ferritin deposits in the chloroplasts were observed in all treatments they were more abundant in the vascular parenchyma cells, especially under salinity. The ability of the common ice plants to accumulate large Fe quantities in their chloroplasts and the characteristic pectin-filled “pockets”, which were observed earlier, and intercellular spaces are probably related to the genetically determined traits of plant adaptation to salinity and water deficit.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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