Ultrasound imaging of renin-mediated hypertension

Ultrasound imaging of renin-mediated hypertension The incidence of primary (i.e. essential) hypertension in children and adolescents is increasing; however, secondary hypertension, with an identifiable cause, remains relatively common and might be treatable or even curable. Renovascular hypertension is an uncommon but important secondary cause of hypertension in the pediatric population that can be associated with substantial morbidity. In this article we discuss renin-mediated causes of hypertension in children and related complications, review renal Doppler ultrasound techniques for the evaluation of renin-mediated hypertension (including both direct and indirect assessments), and briefly appraise the literature pertaining to renal Doppler ultrasound and the assessment of pediatric hypertension. Finally, we describe a proposed role for renal Doppler ultrasound in the workup of suspected renin-mediated hypertension in children and adolescents. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pediatric Radiology Springer Journals

Ultrasound imaging of renin-mediated hypertension

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Pediatrics; Neuroradiology; Nuclear Medicine; Ultrasound; Oncology
ISSN
0301-0449
eISSN
1432-1998
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00247-017-3840-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The incidence of primary (i.e. essential) hypertension in children and adolescents is increasing; however, secondary hypertension, with an identifiable cause, remains relatively common and might be treatable or even curable. Renovascular hypertension is an uncommon but important secondary cause of hypertension in the pediatric population that can be associated with substantial morbidity. In this article we discuss renin-mediated causes of hypertension in children and related complications, review renal Doppler ultrasound techniques for the evaluation of renin-mediated hypertension (including both direct and indirect assessments), and briefly appraise the literature pertaining to renal Doppler ultrasound and the assessment of pediatric hypertension. Finally, we describe a proposed role for renal Doppler ultrasound in the workup of suspected renin-mediated hypertension in children and adolescents.

Journal

Pediatric RadiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 4, 2017

References

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