Ultra-repellency of Al surfaces: design and evaluation

Ultra-repellency of Al surfaces: design and evaluation Aluminum (Al) surfaces with ultra-repellency as well as desirable robustness were designed and fabricated. With photolithographic patterning of a thick SU-8 layer and sputtering of a thin Al film, re-entrant micro-pillar textured Al surfaces were prepared. After derivatization with perfluoroalkyl phosphoric acid (FPA), the textured Al surfaces showed ultra-repellency for a wide variety of liquids. The contact angles (CAs) of deionized (DI) water, hexadecane and dodecane were larger than 150°, and those of methanol and ethanol were larger than 100°. The sliding angles (SAs) of DI water, hexadecane and dodecane were 5°, 10°, and 10°, respectively, showing excellent superamphiphobicity. The SAs of methanol and ethanol were in the range of 20°–30°. The robustness of the ultra-repellent Al surface was evaluated by three parameters: robust height (H*), robust angle (T*) and robust factor (A*). For the DI water probing, the values of the parameters are H* ≈ 403, T* ≈ 119 and A* ≈ 92, respectively, indicative of a desirable robustness. We clarified that only re-entrant structures can support composite liquid–solid–vapor interfaces when the corresponding Young’s CAs are smaller than 90°, and the function of the nanometer structures of the hierarchical textures which were widely adopted to fabricate superamphiphobic surfaces is to help construct re-entrant structures. FPA derivatization is effective in lowering the surface energy of Al surfaces, combining with re-entrant textures to provide a simple and high throughput approach to ultra-repellency for a wide variety of liquids. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Coatings Technology and Research Springer Journals

Ultra-repellency of Al surfaces: design and evaluation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/ultra-repellency-of-al-surfaces-design-and-evaluation-4RnjWsUmRd
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by American Coatings Association
Subject
Materials Science; Tribology, Corrosion and Coatings; Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films; Polymer Sciences; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Materials Science, general
ISSN
1547-0091
eISSN
1935-3804
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11998-017-0012-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aluminum (Al) surfaces with ultra-repellency as well as desirable robustness were designed and fabricated. With photolithographic patterning of a thick SU-8 layer and sputtering of a thin Al film, re-entrant micro-pillar textured Al surfaces were prepared. After derivatization with perfluoroalkyl phosphoric acid (FPA), the textured Al surfaces showed ultra-repellency for a wide variety of liquids. The contact angles (CAs) of deionized (DI) water, hexadecane and dodecane were larger than 150°, and those of methanol and ethanol were larger than 100°. The sliding angles (SAs) of DI water, hexadecane and dodecane were 5°, 10°, and 10°, respectively, showing excellent superamphiphobicity. The SAs of methanol and ethanol were in the range of 20°–30°. The robustness of the ultra-repellent Al surface was evaluated by three parameters: robust height (H*), robust angle (T*) and robust factor (A*). For the DI water probing, the values of the parameters are H* ≈ 403, T* ≈ 119 and A* ≈ 92, respectively, indicative of a desirable robustness. We clarified that only re-entrant structures can support composite liquid–solid–vapor interfaces when the corresponding Young’s CAs are smaller than 90°, and the function of the nanometer structures of the hierarchical textures which were widely adopted to fabricate superamphiphobic surfaces is to help construct re-entrant structures. FPA derivatization is effective in lowering the surface energy of Al surfaces, combining with re-entrant textures to provide a simple and high throughput approach to ultra-repellency for a wide variety of liquids.

Journal

Journal of Coatings Technology and ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 16, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off