UCP3 Regulates Single-Channel Activity of the Cardiac mCa1

UCP3 Regulates Single-Channel Activity of the Cardiac mCa1 Mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake (mCa2+ uptake) is thought to be mediated by the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). UCP2 and UCP3 belong to a superfamily of mitochondrial ion transporters. Both proteins are expressed in the inner mitochondrial membrane of the heart. Recently, UCP2 was reported to modulate the function of the cardiac MCU related channel mCa1. However, the possible role of UCP3 in modulating cardiac mCa2+ uptake via the MCU remains inconclusive. To understand the role of UCP3, we analyzed cardiac mCa1 single-channel activity in mitoplast-attached single-channel recordings from isolated murine cardiac mitoplasts, from adult wild-type controls (WT), and from UCP3 knockout mice (UCP3–/–). Single-channel registrations in UCP3−/− confirmed a murine voltage-gated Ca2+ channel, i.e., mCa1, which was inhibited by Ru360. Compared to WT, mCa1 in UCP3−/− revealed similar single-channel characteristics. However, in UCP3−/− the channel exhibited decreased single-channel activity, which was insensitive to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) inhibition. Our results suggest that beyond UCP2, UCP3 also exhibits regulatory effects on cardiac mCa1/MCU function. Furthermore, we speculate that UCP3 might modulate previously described inhibitory effects of ATP on mCa1/MCU activity as well. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

UCP3 Regulates Single-Channel Activity of the Cardiac mCa1

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-016-9913-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake (mCa2+ uptake) is thought to be mediated by the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). UCP2 and UCP3 belong to a superfamily of mitochondrial ion transporters. Both proteins are expressed in the inner mitochondrial membrane of the heart. Recently, UCP2 was reported to modulate the function of the cardiac MCU related channel mCa1. However, the possible role of UCP3 in modulating cardiac mCa2+ uptake via the MCU remains inconclusive. To understand the role of UCP3, we analyzed cardiac mCa1 single-channel activity in mitoplast-attached single-channel recordings from isolated murine cardiac mitoplasts, from adult wild-type controls (WT), and from UCP3 knockout mice (UCP3–/–). Single-channel registrations in UCP3−/− confirmed a murine voltage-gated Ca2+ channel, i.e., mCa1, which was inhibited by Ru360. Compared to WT, mCa1 in UCP3−/− revealed similar single-channel characteristics. However, in UCP3−/− the channel exhibited decreased single-channel activity, which was insensitive to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) inhibition. Our results suggest that beyond UCP2, UCP3 also exhibits regulatory effects on cardiac mCa1/MCU function. Furthermore, we speculate that UCP3 might modulate previously described inhibitory effects of ATP on mCa1/MCU activity as well.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2016

References

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