In the absence of H2O2, isoforms of vacuolar phenol-dependent peroxidase (PO) in beet (Beta vulgaris) roots oxidized phenolic compounds like tyrosinases. Tyrosinase activity of PO manifested a clearly expressed pH-dependence with the optimum at pH of 8.0–9.0; peroxidase activity was the highest at pH 5.0–7.0. The inhibitory analysis confirmed a specificity of observed reactions. Along with tyrosinase activity, PO manifested SOD-like activity, which was also expressed in the absence of H2O2 and depended on some factors, for example, on the way of analyzed sample preparation. This activity appeared at a long-term dialysis and low temperature. SOD-like PO activity was observed in the presence of such substrates as 3,3′-diaminobenzidine and IAA. The results obtained allow a conclusion that vacuolar PO, as well as PO of other localization and origin is a polyfunctional enzyme, which, under definite conditions, can catalyze reactions of oxidase type.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 28, 2013
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