Y chromosome deletions in the AZF locus were analyzed during a large-scale andrological and genetic examination of 810 infertile men. The search for Yq microdeletions was carried out according to the standard EAA/EMQN guidelines. The breakpoints were mapped for the revealed AZF deletions. The Y chromosome macro-and microdeletions were detected in 61 (7.5%) infertile men. The frequencies of AZF deletions in patients with azoospermia and severe oligozoospermia amounted to 12.2 and 8.1%, respectively. On the whole, the frequencies of Yq microdeletions and the genophenotypic correlations characteristic of various AZF deletion types agree with the relevant published data. However, spermatozoa in the ejaculate sediment of men with completely deleted AZFa region or AZFb+c deletions (from solitary spermatozoa to several dozens) were detected for the first time. It was demonstrated that the breakpoints were localized between AZFa and AZFb regions proximally to AZFb+c microdeletions for the majority of cytogenetically detectable deletions of the Y chromosome long arm. This indicates that the mechanisms underlying Yq macro-and microdeletions are somewhat different. The issues related to the role of Y chromosome deletions in the origins of X chromosome monosomy and X/XY mosaicism are discussed.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 17, 2006
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