Two unusual cases of generalized Coenurus gaigeri cyst infection
in Beetal goats
Mudassar Niaz Mughal
Received: 25 September 2014 / Accepted: 20 March 2017 / Published online: 29 March 2017
Ó Indian Society for Parasitology 2017
Abstract In the present communication, two unusual cases
of generalized Coenurus gaigeri cyst infection in goats
presented at Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of
Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan has been documented.
Clinical (Case I) and postmortem (Case II) ﬁndings along
with micro and macroscopic examination of excised cysts
supported the diagnosis.
Keywords Coenurus gaigeri Á Generalized Á Beetal goat Á
Subcutaneous Á Swelling
Coenurosis is a life threatening parasitic disease of sheep
and goat caused by metacestodic stage of Taenia multi-
ceps (T. multiceps) belonging to class Cestoda and
family Taeniidae (Soulsby 1982). Dogs and wild carni-
vores are deﬁnitive hosts (Avcioglu et al. 2012).
Coenurus cerebralis (C. cerebralis)andCoenurus gai-
geri (C. gaigeri) are two intermediate stages of T. mul-
ticeps causing cerebral and non-cerebral infection in
small ruminants, respectively (Oryan et al. 2014). This
disease poses a continuous threat to livestock population
of the world targeting ruminants, horses, pigs and human
beings (Oryan et al. 2014). C. gaigeri cyst, usually
infects the muscles of caprines and, to a lesser extent,
ovines (Soulsby 1982). Locations of the C. gaigeri cysts
in the body is directly related to clinical signs in the
infected host and usually interferes with movement,
feeding and function of internal organs (Nooruddin et al.
1996). In the present communication, C. gaigeri cysts
infection were recorded in two cases.
Case presentation Case I
A 3-months old kid of Beetal breed weighing around 15 kg
from a group of 15 goats reared on a farm underwent
clinical examination at Veterinary Teaching Hospital
(VTH) of Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery,
University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan for the
diagnosis of progressively developing generalized multiple
subcutaneous swellings (Fig. 1) particularly at face region.
Prior to presentation at VTH, the kid had been treated with
antibiotics and corticosteroids by referring veterinarian but
the condition exaggerated and no response to therapy was
Clinical examination revealed normal rectal temperature
(38 °C) and heart rate (70 breaths per minute) together with
discernible apnea, bulging eyes, mild salivation, difﬁculty
in prehension of feed and intermittent head shaking.
Additionally, the nature of the subcutaneous swellings was
soft with ﬂuctuating consistency without evincing any pain
during manual palpation. Ophthalmoscopic examination
revealed normal vision and pupillary light reﬂex was also
present. Anamnesis revealed that all the kid had frequent
contact with dogs kept at farm. Fine needle aspiration of
the swelling resulted in clear watery ﬂuid.
Exploratory surgery under local anesthesia at the site of
aseptically prepared ﬂank region resulted in the excision of
a thin walled, ﬂuid ﬁlled parasitic cyst from subcutaneous
& Ghazanfar Abbas
Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery (CMS),
Faculty of Veterinary Sciences (FVS), University of
Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faisalabad, Punjab 38040,
J Parasit Dis (July-Sept 2017) 41(3):859–861