Three strains of Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) found in the US have been cloned and sequenced by RT-PCR using total RNA from infected tissue as template, and degenerate potexvirus- and PepMV species- and isolate-specific primers. Despite limited source material, the complete nucleotide sequences (6413 and 6410 nts, respectively) of two isolates, PepMV-US1 and PepMV-US2, were obtained and analyzed using total RNA from less than 0.2 g of a pooled infected tomato leaf sample from Arizona. Sequence of the 3′-end of the third isolate from infected fresh tomato fruits from Maryland (PepMV-US3) was also determined. The genome organizations of PepMV-US1 and US2 were typical of the genus Potexvirus , with the following reading frame order: ORF 1, encoding a putative replicase; ORFs 2–4, triple gene block proteins (TGBp) 1–3; and ORF 5, coat protein (CP). Gene-for-gene comparison between PepMV-US1 and US2 revealed the following amino acid identities: 91% in replicase, 89% in TGBp1, 92% in TGBp2, 85% in TGBp3, and 93% in the CP; with an overall nucleotide identity of 86%. Nucleotide sequence comparisons between US1 and US2 and the European isolates showed only 79–82% identity, whereas the identity among the European isolates was over 99%. Sequence comparisons and phylogenetic analysis indicate that PepMV-US1 and US2 are distinctly different from the European isolates, while the CP of PepMV-US3 is nearly identical to the European isolates. The results presented also suggest that TGBp1 and TGBp3 are more suitable than either the replicase or coat protein gene products for discriminating PepMV isolates.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2005
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