Voltage-activated Ca2+ currents, in zona fasciculata cells isolated from calf adrenal gland, were characterized using perforated patch-clamp recording. In control solution (Ca2+: 2.5 mm) a transient inward current was followed, in 40% of the cells, by a sustained one. In 20 mm Ba2+, 61% of the cells displayed an inward current, which consisted of transient and sustained components. The other cells produced either a sustained or a transient inward current. These different patterns were dependent upon time in culture. Current-voltage relationships show that both the transient and sustained components activated, peaked and reversed at similar potentials: −40, 0 and +60 mV, respectively. The two components, fully inactivated at −10 mV, were separated by double-pulse protocols from different holding potentials where the transient component could be inactivated or reactivated. The decaying phase of the sustained component was fitted by a double exponential (time constants: 1.9 and 20 sec at +10 mV); that of the transient component was fitted by a single exponential (time constant: 19 msec at +10 mV). Steady-state activation and inactivation curves of the two components were superimposed. Their half activation and inactivation potentials were similar, about −15 and −34 mV, respectively. The sustained component was larger in Ba2+ than in Sr2+ and Ca2+. Ni2+ (20 μm) selectively blocked the transient component while Cd2+ (10 μm) selectively blocked the sustained one. (±)Bay K 8644 (0.5 μm) increased the sustained component and nitrendipine (0.5–1 μm) blocked it selectively. The sustained component was inhibited by calciseptine (1 μm). Both components were unaffected by ω-conotoxin GVIA and MVIIC (0.5 μm). These results show that two distinct populations of Ca2+ channels coexist in this cell type. Although the voltage dependence of their activation and inactivation are comparable, these two components of the inward current are similar to T- and L-type currents described in other cells.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 15, 2000
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