Two novel mouse genes mapped to chromosome Yp are expressed specifically in spermatids

Two novel mouse genes mapped to chromosome Yp are expressed specifically in spermatids The male-specific region of the Y chromosome is evolutionarily predisposed to accumulate genes important for spermatogenesis. Recent work in this laboratory identified two novel Y-linked transcripts that were upregulated in the testis in response to deletions on the chromosome arm Yq. This article reports the further characterisation of these two transcripts and their comparison to related X and autosomal genes. Both map to chromosome arm Yp, outside the Sxr b deletion interval, both are present in at least two copies on the Y, and both are expressed specifically in spermatids. Given the testicular phenotype of mice with deletions on the Y chromosome, both genes are therefore likely to function in spermatid differentiation. AK006152 is a novel mouse-specific gene with a single potential open reading frame, and it is unusual in that there appears to be no X-linked relative. H2al2y is a novel histone in the H2A superfamily and has multiple X-linked relatives and a single autosomal relative in mouse. The presence of a single X-linked copy in rat suggests that H2al amplification is mouse-specific, with the alternative explanation being an earlier amplification followed by gene loss. A phylogenetic analysis of H2al genes together with other H2A genes indicates that H2al is most closely related to the mammalian-specific H2A.Bbd family of histones. Interestingly, K a/K s analysis indicates that the X and Y members of the H2al family may be under positive selection in mouse, while the autosomal copy is under purifying selection and presumably retains the ancestral function. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Two novel mouse genes mapped to chromosome Yp are expressed specifically in spermatids

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/two-novel-mouse-genes-mapped-to-chromosome-yp-are-expressed-92tGgfbU7w
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Anatomy ; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-009-9175-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The male-specific region of the Y chromosome is evolutionarily predisposed to accumulate genes important for spermatogenesis. Recent work in this laboratory identified two novel Y-linked transcripts that were upregulated in the testis in response to deletions on the chromosome arm Yq. This article reports the further characterisation of these two transcripts and their comparison to related X and autosomal genes. Both map to chromosome arm Yp, outside the Sxr b deletion interval, both are present in at least two copies on the Y, and both are expressed specifically in spermatids. Given the testicular phenotype of mice with deletions on the Y chromosome, both genes are therefore likely to function in spermatid differentiation. AK006152 is a novel mouse-specific gene with a single potential open reading frame, and it is unusual in that there appears to be no X-linked relative. H2al2y is a novel histone in the H2A superfamily and has multiple X-linked relatives and a single autosomal relative in mouse. The presence of a single X-linked copy in rat suggests that H2al amplification is mouse-specific, with the alternative explanation being an earlier amplification followed by gene loss. A phylogenetic analysis of H2al genes together with other H2A genes indicates that H2al is most closely related to the mammalian-specific H2A.Bbd family of histones. Interestingly, K a/K s analysis indicates that the X and Y members of the H2al family may be under positive selection in mouse, while the autosomal copy is under purifying selection and presumably retains the ancestral function.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off