Two novel meiotic restitution mechanisms in haploid maize (Zea mays L.)

Two novel meiotic restitution mechanisms in haploid maize (Zea mays L.) Two original mechanisms of nuclear restitution related to different processes of meiotic division of pollen mother cells (PMCs) have been found in male meiosis of the lines of maize haploids no. 2903 and no. 2904. The first mechanism, which is characteristic of haploid no. 2903, consists in spindle deformation (bend) in the conventional metaphase-anaphase I. This leads to asymmetric incomplete cytokinesis with daughter cell membranes in the form of incisions on the mother cell membrane. As a result, the chromosomes of the daughter nuclei are combined into a common spindle during the second meiotic division, and a dyad of haploid microspores is formed at the tetrad stage. The frequency of this abnormality is about 50%. The second restitution mechanism, which has been observed in PMCs of haploid no. 2904, results from disturbance of the fusion of membrane vesicles (plastosomes) at the moment of formation of daughter cell membranes and completion of cytokinesis in the first meiotic division. This type of cell division yields a binuclear monad. In the second meiotic division, the chromosomes of the daughter nuclei form a common spindle, and meiosis results in a dyad of haploid microspores. The frequency of this abnormality is as high as 15%. As a result, haploid lines no. 2903 and no. 2904 partly restore fertility. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Two novel meiotic restitution mechanisms in haploid maize (Zea mays L.)

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics ; Animal Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795411040119
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two original mechanisms of nuclear restitution related to different processes of meiotic division of pollen mother cells (PMCs) have been found in male meiosis of the lines of maize haploids no. 2903 and no. 2904. The first mechanism, which is characteristic of haploid no. 2903, consists in spindle deformation (bend) in the conventional metaphase-anaphase I. This leads to asymmetric incomplete cytokinesis with daughter cell membranes in the form of incisions on the mother cell membrane. As a result, the chromosomes of the daughter nuclei are combined into a common spindle during the second meiotic division, and a dyad of haploid microspores is formed at the tetrad stage. The frequency of this abnormality is about 50%. The second restitution mechanism, which has been observed in PMCs of haploid no. 2904, results from disturbance of the fusion of membrane vesicles (plastosomes) at the moment of formation of daughter cell membranes and completion of cytokinesis in the first meiotic division. This type of cell division yields a binuclear monad. In the second meiotic division, the chromosomes of the daughter nuclei form a common spindle, and meiosis results in a dyad of haploid microspores. The frequency of this abnormality is as high as 15%. As a result, haploid lines no. 2903 and no. 2904 partly restore fertility.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 16, 2011

References

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