Histidine residues in Na+/H+ exchangers are believed to participate in proton binding and influence the Na+/H+ exchanger activity. In the present study, the function of three highly conserved histidines in the juxtamembrane cytoplasmic domain of NHE3 was studied. His-479, His-485, and His-499 were mutated to Leu, Gln or Asp and expressed in an Na+/H+ exchanger null cell line and functional consequences on Na+/H+ exchange kinetics were characterized. None of the histidines were essential for NHE3 activity, with all mutated NHE3 resulting in functional exchangers. However, the mutation in His-475 and His-499 significantly lowered NHE3 transport activity, whereas the mutation in H485 showed no apparent effect. In addition, the pH profiles of the H479 and H499 mutants were shifted to a more acidic region, and lowered its set point, the intracellular pH value above which the Na+/H+ exchanger becomes inactive, by ~0.3–0.6 pH units. The changes in set point by the mutations were further shifted to more acidic values by ATP depletion, indicating that the mechanism by which the mutations on the histidine residues altered the NHE3 set point differs from that caused by ATP depletion. We suggest that His-479 and His-499 are part of the H+ sensor, which is involved in determining the sensitivity to the intracellular H+ concentration and Na+/H+ exchange rate.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera