Callose, a β-1,3-glucan that is widespread in plants, is synthesized by callose synthase. Arabidopsis thaliana contains a family of 12 putative callose synthase genes (GSL1–12). The role of callose and of the individual genes in plant development is still largely uncertain. We have now used TILLING and T-DNA insertion mutants (gsl1-1, gsl5-2 and gsl5-3) to study the role of two closely related and linked genes, GSL1 and GSL5, in sporophytic development and in reproduction. Both genes are expressed in all parts of the plant. Sporophytic development was nearly normal in gsl1-1 homozygotes and only moderately defective in homozygotes for either of the two gsl5 alleles. On the other hand, plants that were gsl1-1/+ gsl5/gsl5 were severely defective, with smaller leaves, shorter roots and bolts and smaller flowers. Plants were fertile when the sporophytes had either two wild-type GSL1 alleles, or one GSL5 allele in a gsl1-1 background, but gsl1-1/+ gsl5/gsl5 plants produced an extremely reduced number of viable seeds. A chromosome with mutations in both GSL1 and GSL5 rendered pollen infertile, although such a chromosome could be transmitted via the egg. As a result, it was not possible to obtain plants that were homozygous for mutations in both the GSL genes. Pollen grain development was severely affected in double mutant plants. Many pollen grains were collapsed and inviable in the gsl1-1/gsl1-1 gsl5/+ and gsl1-1/+ gsl5/gsl5 plants. In addition, gsl1-1/+ gsl5/gsl5 plants produced abnormally large pollen with unusual pore structures, and had problems with tetrad dissociation. In this particular genotype, while the callose wall formed around the pollen mother cells, no callose wall separated the resulting tetrads. We conclude that GSL1 and GSL5 play important, but at least partially redundant roles in both sporophytic development and in the development of pollen. They are responsible for the formation of the callose wall that separates the microspores of the tetrad, and also play a gametophytic role later in pollen grain maturation. Other GSL genes may control callose formation at different steps during pollen development.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 24, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera