We constructed turkey herpesvirus (HVT) vector vaccines in which the VP2 gene of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was inserted into the HVT genome in the following regions: UL3-4, UL22-23, UL45-46, and US10-SORF3. We then evaluated the relationship between the gene insertion site and the capacity of the virus to elicit antibodies. rHVT/IBD (US10) showed good growth activity in vitro, with growth comparable to that of the parent HVT. On the other hand, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4), rHVT/IBD (UL22-23), and rHVT/IBD (UL45-46) exhibited decreased growth activity in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells compared to the parent HVT. However, the rHVT/IBD (US10) elicited lower levels of virus-neutralizing (VN) antibodies compared to the other constructs. rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) and rHVT/IBD (UL45-46) appeared to be similar in their ability to elicit VN antibodies. Based on the results of in vitro and in vivo assays, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) was selected for further testing. In a challenge assay, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) protected chickens from challenge with virulent Marek’s disease virus serotype 1 and IBDV. In conclusion, the site of gene insertion may have a strong effect on the growth of the vector virus in vitro and its antibody-eliciting capacity. Insertions in the UL3-4 region permitted a balance between growth activity and VN-antibody-eliciting capacity, and this region might therefore be an appropriate insertion site for IBDV VP2.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 9, 2016
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