Turkey herpesvirus with an insertion in the UL3-4 region displays an appropriate balance between growth activity and antibody-eliciting capacity and is suitable for the establishment of a recombinant vaccine

Turkey herpesvirus with an insertion in the UL3-4 region displays an appropriate balance between... We constructed turkey herpesvirus (HVT) vector vaccines in which the VP2 gene of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was inserted into the HVT genome in the following regions: UL3-4, UL22-23, UL45-46, and US10-SORF3. We then evaluated the relationship between the gene insertion site and the capacity of the virus to elicit antibodies. rHVT/IBD (US10) showed good growth activity in vitro, with growth comparable to that of the parent HVT. On the other hand, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4), rHVT/IBD (UL22-23), and rHVT/IBD (UL45-46) exhibited decreased growth activity in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells compared to the parent HVT. However, the rHVT/IBD (US10) elicited lower levels of virus-neutralizing (VN) antibodies compared to the other constructs. rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) and rHVT/IBD (UL45-46) appeared to be similar in their ability to elicit VN antibodies. Based on the results of in vitro and in vivo assays, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) was selected for further testing. In a challenge assay, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) protected chickens from challenge with virulent Marek’s disease virus serotype 1 and IBDV. In conclusion, the site of gene insertion may have a strong effect on the growth of the vector virus in vitro and its antibody-eliciting capacity. Insertions in the UL3-4 region permitted a balance between growth activity and VN-antibody-eliciting capacity, and this region might therefore be an appropriate insertion site for IBDV VP2. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Turkey herpesvirus with an insertion in the UL3-4 region displays an appropriate balance between growth activity and antibody-eliciting capacity and is suitable for the establishment of a recombinant vaccine

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-016-3181-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We constructed turkey herpesvirus (HVT) vector vaccines in which the VP2 gene of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was inserted into the HVT genome in the following regions: UL3-4, UL22-23, UL45-46, and US10-SORF3. We then evaluated the relationship between the gene insertion site and the capacity of the virus to elicit antibodies. rHVT/IBD (US10) showed good growth activity in vitro, with growth comparable to that of the parent HVT. On the other hand, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4), rHVT/IBD (UL22-23), and rHVT/IBD (UL45-46) exhibited decreased growth activity in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells compared to the parent HVT. However, the rHVT/IBD (US10) elicited lower levels of virus-neutralizing (VN) antibodies compared to the other constructs. rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) and rHVT/IBD (UL45-46) appeared to be similar in their ability to elicit VN antibodies. Based on the results of in vitro and in vivo assays, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) was selected for further testing. In a challenge assay, rHVT/IBD (UL3-4) protected chickens from challenge with virulent Marek’s disease virus serotype 1 and IBDV. In conclusion, the site of gene insertion may have a strong effect on the growth of the vector virus in vitro and its antibody-eliciting capacity. Insertions in the UL3-4 region permitted a balance between growth activity and VN-antibody-eliciting capacity, and this region might therefore be an appropriate insertion site for IBDV VP2.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 9, 2016

References

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