Turbulence reduction in the mixing layer of a plane jet using small cylinders

Turbulence reduction in the mixing layer of a plane jet using small cylinders  The influence of small diameter cylinders placed at the nozzle exit plane on the development of a plane jet mixing layer is investigated using a single hot wire at a jet Reynolds number of about 23000. There is a reduction in both the growth rate and the momentum thickness of the jet as well as a 20% reduction in the maximum value of u′, the rms longitudinal velocity fluctuation u. The jet virtual origin is shifted downstream and distributions of the normalized mean velocity, u′, skewness and flatness factors of u exhibit much better similarity than in the absence of the cylinder. Spectral measurements indicate that downstream of the cylinder, the peak amplitude at the roll-up or instability frequency is greatly reduced or even suppressed. Two different diameter cylinders, placed independently at several locations in the shear layer yielded similar results. A model based on an interaction between the organized motion in the mixing layer and the vortical structures shed by the cylinder is consistent with our observations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Turbulence reduction in the mixing layer of a plane jet using small cylinders

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480050212
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

 The influence of small diameter cylinders placed at the nozzle exit plane on the development of a plane jet mixing layer is investigated using a single hot wire at a jet Reynolds number of about 23000. There is a reduction in both the growth rate and the momentum thickness of the jet as well as a 20% reduction in the maximum value of u′, the rms longitudinal velocity fluctuation u. The jet virtual origin is shifted downstream and distributions of the normalized mean velocity, u′, skewness and flatness factors of u exhibit much better similarity than in the absence of the cylinder. Spectral measurements indicate that downstream of the cylinder, the peak amplitude at the roll-up or instability frequency is greatly reduced or even suppressed. Two different diameter cylinders, placed independently at several locations in the shear layer yielded similar results. A model based on an interaction between the organized motion in the mixing layer and the vortical structures shed by the cylinder is consistent with our observations.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 17, 1998

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