We present an analytic survey of a series of works devoted to the direct methods for the investigation of turbulence in natural basins originated under the guidance of A. G. Kolesnikov in the 50s. We describe the principal results of the early stage which formed the basis for future investigations. The main scientific directions of the latest period are also considered from the viewpoint of the development of Kolesnikov's ideas: investigation of the processes of generation and energy supply of small-scale turbulence, relationship between turbulence and the fine vertical structure and internal waves, and the mechanisms of vertical turbulent exchange in the ocean. A model of vertical exchange under the conditions of intermittent “source” turbulence is distinguished. We also discuss the directions of development and prospects of the investigation of turbulence.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 24, 2006
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