The paper investigates buoyancy impact on the vertical flow over a backward-facing step at low Prandtl number by Direct Numerical Simulation. In particular, the very low Prandtl number of liquid sodium, 0.0088, is considered in the regime of mixed convection, i.e. for Richardson numbers below unity. The effects of buoyancy on mean flow, heat transfer and turbulence are assessed. Buoyancy is found to attenuate recirculation and, consequently, increase heat transfer. Turbulence is decreased in the attached boundary layer for moderate buoyancy impact but surpasses the levels found in forced convection at the largest Richardson number investigated. Beyond the mean flow and second moments, the budgets of turbulent kinetic energy, Reynolds shear stress, temperature variance, and turbulent heat flux components are studied and related to the alterations in the mean field quantities. Due to scale separation, production and dissipation nearly balance for temperature variance while this is not the case for turbulent kinetic energy. Similar findings for the turbulent heat fluxes show that the correlation between temperature and pressure gradient is the most important contribution to the budget aside from production and dissipation. In addition to the physical insight into this flow, the data presented may be used for the validation and improvement of turbulence models for liquid metal flows.
"Flow, Turbulence and Combustion" – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera