A series of Ce3+–Mn2+ codoped Ba9Lu2Si6O24 (BLS) were synthesized by high-temperature solid-state reactions. The 380–410 nm excitation band of Ce3+ at the Lu sites (Ce(1)) matches well with the emission light of commercial near-ultraviolet (NUV) light-emitting diode (LED) chips. Under the Ce(1) excitation, BLS:Ce3+, Mn2+ exhibited a tunable emission from blue–green to yellow–orange via energy transfers (ETs) from Ce(1) to Mn2+. The ET was demonstrated to be of the resonant type via a dipole–quadrupole mechanism. At room temperature (RT), the optimal internal and external quantum efficiencies (QEs) of BLS:Ce3+, Mn2+ were determined as 79 and 42%. At 150 °C, 85% of the RT QE still can be remained, showing a high thermal stability. A warm white LED (WLED) with a color rendering index of 84 and a correlated color temperature of 3660 K was obtained by combining a 395 nm NUV chip with the phosphor and CaAlSiN3:Eu2+. The efficiency reaches 17 lm W−1 at 20 mA, which is better than the value of most NUV-based WLEDs. These results indicate the promising application of the phosphor as an attractive candidate for WLEDs.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 14, 2017
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