Dark germination of sea buckthorn (Hippophal rhamnoides L.) seeds was characterized by an initial 3-day-long lag-period, when the contents of triacylglycerols (TAGs) and polar lipids (PLs) remained nearly the same due to a retardation in lipid metabolization. Subsequently, TAG content declined rapidly, and by the 10th day of germination, it did not exceed 5% of total lipids. In this case, total saturated (S) and total unsaturated (U) fatty acids (FAs), as well as various TAG types such as S2U, SU2, and U3, were consumed at nearly similar relative rates. At the same time, separate TAG groups, which included one of the individual FAs, such as palmitic (P), stearic (St), oleic (O), linoleic (L), or linolenic (Le), differed from each other in the intensity of degradation. For L- and Le-TAGs, initial and final concentrations were similar, while initial concentrations of St- and O-TAGs by the 10th day of germination increased 2.3- and 1.5-fold, respectively, and as regards P-TAGs, this value decreased 3.5-fold. Thus, P-TAGs considerably exceeded other TAG groups in their consumption rate in seedlings, while St- and O-TAGs ranked below them in this respect. By the 10th day, the absolute level of PLs increased 16-fold due to a de novo formation of lipid membranes of the cells in the course of growth and differentiation of seedling tissues; this increase was accompanied by an increase in the S-FA concentration in PLs and a decrease in the amount of U-FAs.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2009
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