Earth Syst Environ (2017) 1:9 DOI 10.1007/s41748-017-0014-x O R I G IN AL ARTI CL E Trend Analyses Revision and Global Monthly Temperature Innovative Multi-Duration Analysis 1 2 2 • • Abdullah M. Mohorji ZekaˆiS¸en Mansour Almazroui Received: 15 February 2017 / Revised: 1 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 August 2017 The Author(s) 2017. This article is an open access publication Abstract verbal interpretations and numerical values for each month Background Climate change evidence has been docu- including ‘‘Low’’ (minimum), ‘‘High’’ (maximum), and mented by different authors based on the long years’ ‘‘Medium’’ (moderate) temperature amounts. It is proven monthly temperature measurements since long back. In the that, on average, there is 0.9 C and 1.78 C monthly literature, annual-mean and 5-year moving average time temperature increments for ‘‘Low’’ and ‘‘High’’ tempera- series of global mean land–ocean temperature index and tures, respectively, in addition to average incremental meteorological station data of global annual-mean surface temperature of 1.33 C. air temperature changes are presented with a base period Conclusion The innovative trend template (ITT) method- including some parts as uncertainty estimates. This paper ology is explained brieﬂy and applied to global monthly provides an innovative method for reﬁned calculation of
Earth Systems and Environment – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 22, 2017
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