Treatment of Cells with Detergent Activates Caspases and Induces Apoptotic Cell Death

Treatment of Cells with Detergent Activates Caspases and Induces Apoptotic Cell Death Due to their amphiphilic properties, detergents readily disrupt cellular membranes and cause rapid cytolysis. In this study we demonstrate that treatment of cells with sublytic concentrations of detergents such as Triton X-100, Nonidet P-40, n-octylglucoside and the bile salt sodium deoxycholate induce typical signs of apoptosis including DNA fragmentation and cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase molecules. The detergent concentration required for apoptosis was below the critical micellar concentration. Induction of apoptosis was not restricted to human cells but similarly occurred in a variety of other vertebrate cell lines. Unstimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells were susceptible to apoptosis induction by detergent suggesting that apoptosis in this circumstance is not mediated by CD95. Cell death was not due to influx of calcium from the medium. Apoptosis was blocked and cytolysis prevented by treatment with peptide inhibitors of caspases. These findings suggest a process of apoptosis that is initiated upon nonspecific alterations at the cell membrane level. Physiologic correlates of this process still have to be defined. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Treatment of Cells with Detergent Activates Caspases and Induces Apoptotic Cell Death

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial