Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg (2017) 43:763–773 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-017-0817-3 REVIEW ARTICLE Trauma to the bladder and ureter: a review of diagnosis, management, and prognosis 1,2,3,4 1,2,3 1,2,3 1,2,3 1,2,3 B. Phillips · S. Holzmer · L. Turco · M. Mirzaie · E. Mause · 1,2,3 1,2,3 2 1,2,3 1,2,3 A. Mause · A. Person · S. W. Leslie · D. L. Cornell · M. Wagner · 1,2,3 1,2,3 R. Bertellotti · J. A. Asensio Received: 13 February 2017 / Accepted: 11 July 2017 / Published online: 20 July 2017 © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017 Abstract Following PRISMA guidelines, studies were selected based Background Injuries to the ureter or bladder are rela- on relevance and then categorized. tively rare. Therefore, a high level of clinical suspicion and Results 172 potentially relevant studies were identified. knowledge of operative anatomy is of utmost importance Given our focus on modern diagnosis and treatment, we for their management. Herein, a review of the literature then narrowed the studies in each category to those pub- related to the modern diagnosis, management, and progno- lished within the last 30 years, resulting in a total of 26 sis for bladder and ureteral injuries is presented. studies largely consisting of Level IV retrospective case Methods A literature search was conducted through Pub- series. Our review found that bladder ruptures
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 20, 2017
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