Transposon insertion in a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene is responsible for a brown midrib1 mutation in maize

Transposon insertion in a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene is responsible for a brown midrib1... Maize brown midrib1 (bm1) mutant plants have reduced lignin content and offer significant advantages when used in silage and biofuel applications. Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) catalyzes the conversion of hydroxycinnamyl aldehydes to monolignols, a key step in lignin biosynthesis. Maize CAD2 has been implicated as the underlying gene for bm1phenotypes since bm1 plants have reduced CAD activity and lower CAD2 transcript level. Here, we describe a Dow AgroSciences maize bm1 mutant (bm1-das1) that contains a 3,444-bp transposon insertion in the first intron of CAD2 gene. As a result of chimeric RNA splicing, cad2 mRNA from bm1-das1 contains a 409-bp insert between its 1st and 2nd exons. This insertion creates a premature stop codon and is predicted to result in a truncated protein of 48 amino acids (AA), compared to 367 AA for the wild type (WT) CAD2. We have also sequenced cad2 from the reference allele bm1-ref in 515D bm1 stock and showed that it contains a two-nucleotide (AC) insertion in the 3rd exon, which is predicted to result in a truncated protein of 147 AA. The levels of cad2 mRNA in the midribs of bm1-das1 and bm1-ref are reduced by 91 and 86 % respectively, leading to reductions in total lignin contents by 24 and 30 %. Taken together, our data show that mutations in maize CAD2 are responsible for maize bm1 phenotypes. Based on specific changes in bm1-das1 and bm1-ref, high throughput TaqMan and KBioscience’s allele specific PCR assays capable of differentiating mutant and WT alleles have been developed to accelerate bm1 molecular breeding. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Transposon insertion in a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene is responsible for a brown midrib1 mutation in maize

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/transposon-insertion-in-a-cinnamyl-alcohol-dehydrogenase-gene-is-I7HqPvx81Z
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-012-9948-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial