Aiming at a maximum spatial resolution and a minimum motion blur, a new simple double-imaging transmitted light microscopy technique is developed in this work enabling a fundamental investigation of primary breakup of a microscale liquid jet. Contrary to conventional far-field visualization techniques, the working distance is minimized to increase the numerical aperture. The resulting images provide information about shapes, length scales and velocities of primary liquid structures. The method is applied to an optically dense spray leaving a 109-μm diesel nozzle at various injection pressures under atmospheric conditions. A phenomenological study on the temporal spray evolution is done with focus on droplet and ligament formation. Different breakup processes are identified and described. It is found that the jet is characterized by long ligaments parallel or angular to the inner jet region. These ligaments result from collapsing films developing at the spray edge. A significant influence of outlet velocity variation on shape and velocity of these ligaments is observed. The experimental results prove that a transmitted light microscopy technique with reduced working distance is an appropriate tool for a better understanding of primary breakup for small-scaled diesel nozzles and a valuable complement to highly complex measurement techniques.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 24, 2013
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