The aerodynamic characterization of airfoils is of crucial importance for the design and optimization of wind turbines. The present paper tries to provide an engineering methodology for the improvement of the accuracy and reliability of 2D airfoil computational fluid dynamics models, by coupling the ANSYS Fluent solver and a Micro-Genetic Algorithm. The modeling strategy provided includes meshing optimization, solver settings, comparison between different turbulence models and, mainly, the calibration of the local correlation parameters of the transition turbulence model by Menter, which was found to be the most accurate model for the simulation of transitional flows. Specifically, the Micro-Genetic Algorithm works by generating populations of the missing local correlation parameters. In doing so, it is possible to search for the minimization of the error in lift calculations. For each specific Reynolds number, the calibration was carried out only at the Angle of Attack where the lift drop occurs and the airfoil completely stalls. This new idea allowed for a relatively rapid and good calibration as demonstrated by the experimental–numerical comparisons presented in this paper. Only the experimental stall angle and the relative lift coefficient were, therefore, necessary for obtaining a good calibration. The calibration was made using the widely known S809 profile data. The correlation parameters, obtained as so, were subsequently used for testing on the NACA 0018 airfoil with satisfactory results. Therefore, the calibration obtained using the S809 airfoil data appeared to be reliable and may be used for the simulation of other airfoils. This can be done without the need for further wind tunnel experimental data or recalibrations. The proposed methodology will, therefore, be of essential help in obtaining accurate aerodynamic coefficients data. This will drastically improve the capabilities of the 1D design codes at low Reynolds numbers thanks to the possibility of generating accurate databases of 2D airfoil aerodynamic coefficients. The advantages of the proposed calibration will be helpful in the generation of more accurate 3D wind turbine models as well. The final objective of the paper was thus to obtain a fine and reliable calibration of the transition turbulence model by Menter. This was specifically made for an accurate prediction of the aerodynamic coefficients of any airfoil at low Reynolds numbers and for the improvements of 3D rotor models.
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 17, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera