Transformation of lignin from bioethanol production for phenol substitution in resins

Transformation of lignin from bioethanol production for phenol substitution in resins The main objective of biorefineries is the efficient conversion of lignocellulosic materials into valuable products. Lignin, a major abundant polymer not sufficiently exploited, is considered to be a promising substitute of phenol in phenol–formaldehyde resin synthesis. In this study, a lignin sample from a bioethanol production plant was modified under different experimental conditions by a depolymerisation treatment. The modification was intended to enhance the reactivity of lignin by increasing its functionality. The structural changes were studied with several characterisation techniques including size exclusion chromatography, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance. The lignin reactivity towards formaldehyde was determined with a formaldehyde reactivity test. From the characterisation results of the reacted lignins, it was concluded that increasing the severity of the depolymerisation treatment (i.e. higher temperature, reaction time and catalyst content) resulted in an increase in active functional groups. Consequently, lignins depolymerised at more severe conditions were more reactive towards formaldehyde reaction. Due to their improved reactivity, the treated lignins could be successfully used as substitutes of phenol, converting them into a highly value-added product. An estimation of the cost of the proposed process is provided. Wood Science and Technology Springer Journals

Transformation of lignin from bioethanol production for phenol substitution in resins

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Life Sciences; Wood Science & Technology; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials; Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial