Transcendental Arguments in Scientific Reasoning

Transcendental Arguments in Scientific Reasoning Erkenn https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-018-0013-9 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Transcendental Arguments in Scientific Reasoning Michael H. G. Hoffmann Received: 28 January 2017 / Accepted: 30 April 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Although there is increasing interest in philosophy of science in tran- scendental reasoning, there is hardly any discussion about transcendental argu- ments. Since this might be related to the dominant understanding of transcendental arguments as a tool to defeat epistemological skepticism, and since the power of transcendental arguments to achieve this goal has convincingly been disputed by Barry Stroud, this contribution proposes, first, a new definition of the transcendental argument which allows its presentation in a simple modus ponens and, second, a pragmatist re-interpretation of this argument form that leaves it to the scientific community to debate, criticize, refine, or reaffirm its core claim: a premise which claims that the truth of a certain assumption is a necessary condition for something that is generally accepted. The proposed ‘‘logico-pragmatist interpretation’’ high- lights the role of transcendental arguments as a methodological step to move science forward, just as abduction and inference to the best explanation do. 1 Introduction In Constituting objectivity. Transcendental perspectives on modern physics, Michel Bitbol, Pierre http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Erkenntnis Springer Journals

Transcendental Arguments in Scientific Reasoning

Erkenntnis , Volume OnlineFirst – Jun 6, 2018
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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Philosophy; Philosophy, general; Epistemology; Ontology; Ethics; Logic
ISSN
0165-0106
eISSN
1572-8420
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10670-018-0013-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Erkenn https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-018-0013-9 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Transcendental Arguments in Scientific Reasoning Michael H. G. Hoffmann Received: 28 January 2017 / Accepted: 30 April 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Although there is increasing interest in philosophy of science in tran- scendental reasoning, there is hardly any discussion about transcendental argu- ments. Since this might be related to the dominant understanding of transcendental arguments as a tool to defeat epistemological skepticism, and since the power of transcendental arguments to achieve this goal has convincingly been disputed by Barry Stroud, this contribution proposes, first, a new definition of the transcendental argument which allows its presentation in a simple modus ponens and, second, a pragmatist re-interpretation of this argument form that leaves it to the scientific community to debate, criticize, refine, or reaffirm its core claim: a premise which claims that the truth of a certain assumption is a necessary condition for something that is generally accepted. The proposed ‘‘logico-pragmatist interpretation’’ high- lights the role of transcendental arguments as a methodological step to move science forward, just as abduction and inference to the best explanation do. 1 Introduction In Constituting objectivity. Transcendental perspectives on modern physics, Michel Bitbol, Pierre

Journal

ErkenntnisSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 6, 2018

References

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