Erkenn https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-018-0013-9 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Transcendental Arguments in Scientiﬁc Reasoning Michael H. G. Hoffmann Received: 28 January 2017 / Accepted: 30 April 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Although there is increasing interest in philosophy of science in tran- scendental reasoning, there is hardly any discussion about transcendental argu- ments. Since this might be related to the dominant understanding of transcendental arguments as a tool to defeat epistemological skepticism, and since the power of transcendental arguments to achieve this goal has convincingly been disputed by Barry Stroud, this contribution proposes, ﬁrst, a new deﬁnition of the transcendental argument which allows its presentation in a simple modus ponens and, second, a pragmatist re-interpretation of this argument form that leaves it to the scientiﬁc community to debate, criticize, reﬁne, or reafﬁrm its core claim: a premise which claims that the truth of a certain assumption is a necessary condition for something that is generally accepted. The proposed ‘‘logico-pragmatist interpretation’’ high- lights the role of transcendental arguments as a methodological step to move science forward, just as abduction and inference to the best explanation do. 1 Introduction In Constituting objectivity. Transcendental perspectives on modern physics, Michel Bitbol, Pierre
Erkenntnis – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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