Towards an integrated view of monocarpic plant senescence

Towards an integrated view of monocarpic plant senescence After the flowering of an annual plant, the whole plant will senesce and die. For the process to go to completion, this monocarpic senescence must include three coordinated processes, which have not previously been considered as a total syndrome: (1) the arrest of growth and senescence of the shoot apical meristem; (2) senescence of the leaves; and (3) the suppression of axillary bud growth. Concurrently there is a shift in resource allocation from continued vegetative growth to reproductive growth, combined with a withdrawal of nutrients, especially nitrogen compounds, from the leaves and the transfer of these nutrients to the developing seeds. The start of the senescence process is caused by a shift, almost certainly in gene expression, very early in the reproductive phase. Continuation of the resource transfer and senescence of the vegetative plant involves hormonal regulation and continued changes in gene expression. Each of these processes is examined, especially with reference to the transfer of resources from vegetative to reproductive growth. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Towards an integrated view of monocarpic plant senescence

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102144371204005X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

After the flowering of an annual plant, the whole plant will senesce and die. For the process to go to completion, this monocarpic senescence must include three coordinated processes, which have not previously been considered as a total syndrome: (1) the arrest of growth and senescence of the shoot apical meristem; (2) senescence of the leaves; and (3) the suppression of axillary bud growth. Concurrently there is a shift in resource allocation from continued vegetative growth to reproductive growth, combined with a withdrawal of nutrients, especially nitrogen compounds, from the leaves and the transfer of these nutrients to the developing seeds. The start of the senescence process is caused by a shift, almost certainly in gene expression, very early in the reproductive phase. Continuation of the resource transfer and senescence of the vegetative plant involves hormonal regulation and continued changes in gene expression. Each of these processes is examined, especially with reference to the transfer of resources from vegetative to reproductive growth.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 15, 2012

References

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