The Automatic Identification System (AIS) is the emerging system for automatic traffic control and collision avoidance ser - vices in the maritime transportation sector. It is one of the cornerstone systems for improved marine domain awareness and is embedded in e-navigation, e-bridging, and autonomous ships proposals. However, AIS has some security vulnerabilities that can be exploited to invade privacy of passengers, to launch intentional collision attacks by pirates and terrorists, etc. In this work, we explore how Identity-Based Public Cryptography and Symmetric Cryptography may enhance the security properties of the AIS. Keywords Automatic Identification System (AIS) · Identity-based public cryptography · Symmetric cryptography · Maritime security · e-Navigation 1 Introduction All ships of 300 Gross Tonnage (GT) and upwards engaged on international voyages; cargo ships of 500 GT The International Association of Marine Aids to Naviga- and upwards not engaged on international voyages; and all tion and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA) describes AIS as “a passenger ships, irrespective of size, engaged on interna- communication system using four worldwide channels in the tional or domestic voyages are required to be fitted with AIS, VHF maritime mobile band, for the exchange of navigation by SOLAS regulation 19 Chapter V . In addition, most data. There are
Journal of Marine Science and Technology – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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